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Five Different Types of Air Conditioners for Commercial Use

June 13, 2024    Share:

Are you looking to install a new AC system or upgrade an existing one for your commercial space? While you may be familiar with some common aspects of commercial air conditioning, such as their larger size, it’s important to consider that various commercial AC units exist on the market. Understanding your building’s needs and nuances can help you determine which system will work best for you.


What Is Commercial Air Conditioning?


Commercial air conditioning refers to the cooling and ventilation systems installed in non-residential buildings or commercial establishments. These systems are designed to meet the cooling and comfort needs of large spaces such as offices, retail stores, hospitals, hotels, restaurants, shopping malls, and other commercial and industrial facilities.


The primary purpose of commercial air conditioning is to maintain a comfortable and safe indoor environment for occupants by ensuring that temperature, humidity, and air quality are within acceptable ranges. In addition to providing comfort, high-quality commercial AC systems can contribute to energy efficiency and cost savings, noise reduction, and improved productivity.


Ac For Commercial Use

What Are the Main Components of Commercial AC Units?


Commercial air conditioning systems are typically larger and more complex than residential ones, comprising several key components that work together to ensure optimal comfort, air quality, and energy efficiency in commercial environments:


1. Air Conditioner Units: The core of any commercial air conditioning system, these units are specially designed to handle the cooling demands of larger spaces and higher occupancy levels. They come in various types, including rooftop units, packaged units, split systems, and variable refrigerant flow (VRF) systems.


2. Air Ducts: Commercial AC systems utilize a network of air ducts to distribute conditioned air throughout the space. The ductwork optimizes airflow and maintains consistent indoor temperatures across different building zones.


3. Thermostats and Controls: Many commercial AC systems feature advanced thermostats and controls for precise regulation of indoor temperature and other settings. These controls may include programmable thermostats, smart controls, and zoning capabilities.


4. Ventilation Systems: With higher occupancy rates in commercial buildings, indoor air pollution can increase. Ac for commercial use incorporate ventilation components like air exchangers and exhaust systems to maintain healthy indoor air quality by introducing fresh outdoor air while expelling stale air and pollutants.


5. Energy Management Features: Energy efficiency is crucial for commercial AC systems due to their significant cooling demands. Manufacturers integrate various energy-saving features such as variable speed compressors and fans, energy recovery systems, and advanced control algorithms.

The Five Most Common Types of Commercial AC Systems


Below, OUTES provides you with the five most common types of commercial AC systems for your business.


Central Air Conditioning

Central air conditioning is a common and popular commercial AC system used in large buildings and offices. It comprises a central cooling unit, typically located outside the building, connected to a network of ducts that distribute cooled air throughout the interior. This system offers consistent and even cooling, making it ideal for buildings with multiple rooms and floors.


Central AC systems are known for their energy efficiency, ease of temperature control, and ability to handle high cooling loads, making them suitable for larger commercial spaces.


Ductless Mini-Split Air Conditioners

Ductless mini-split AC systems offer an excellent solution for commercial establishments lacking existing ductwork. These systems comprise indoor units in each room or zone connected to outdoor compressors. They provide flexibility in cooling specific areas, enabling independent temperature control for different zones.


Ductless systems are energy-efficient as they eliminate duct-related losses. They are also easier to install, making them popular for retrofitting and commercial spaces with limited construction options.


Multi-Split Air Conditioners

Multi-split air conditioning systems are similar to ductless mini-splits but feature a single outdoor unit connected to multiple indoor units. This configuration allows for cooling multiple zones simultaneously, offering greater flexibility in temperature control while minimizing the number of outdoor compressors needed. Multi-split systems are particularly useful in commercial spaces where duct installation is challenging or not feasible, providing an energy-efficient solution for buildings with varying cooling needs.


VRF and VRV Systems

Variable Refrigerant Flow (VRF) and Variable Refrigerant Volume (VRV) systems represent advanced and highly efficient commercial AC solutions. These systems utilize refrigerant to deliver precise cooling to individual indoor units while simultaneously offering heating and cooling capabilities.


VRF and VRV systems can adjust refrigerant flow in real-time based on cooling demands, resulting in exceptional energy efficiency and reduced operational costs. They are particularly well-suited for larger commercial spaces with fluctuating cooling requirements, providing zonal temperature control for optimal comfort and performance.



Chillers are industrial-grade cooling systems employed in large commercial and industrial facilities. They operate by cooling water or other fluids, which are then circulated to cool the air within the building through a network of coils.


Chillers are powerful units capable of handling substantial cooling loads, making them suitable for cooling expansive spaces and critical applications such as data centers and manufacturing facilities. While chillers necessitate more complex infrastructure and installation, they offer highly efficient and precise cooling, ensuring consistent indoor conditions in demanding commercial environments.

Ac For Commercial Use